BIDAR DISTRICT IMPORTANT HISTORICAL EVENTS

231 B.C The Satavahanas who were ruling at Paithan as vassals of Mauryas proclaimed independence. They ruled over Dakshinapatha for about four centuries and a half. The Vakatakas dominated the Deccan.

345 A.D Kadambas rose to power Vaijayanti (Banavasi) was their capital and palasika (Halsi) a second capital Sindas of Ranjeru- Attale nadu

545 A.D Pulakesin I established chalukya power. He made vatapi( the Modern Badami) his capital

753 A.D Rashtrakuta Prince Danti Durga proclaimed him self the sovereign power in the Deccan. Manyakheta(Malkhed) was their Capital, jain temple at Kambithana(Kamthana)

913 A.D Rashtrakuta Karka 11 was dethroned by the Chalukya, Taila II, Taila's success was the beginning of the Chalukyan empire of Kalyani. 1042-68A.D Someshwara I removed the capital from Manyakheta to Kalyani

1075 A.D Kakatiya Beta II received Sabbinadu from Chalukyas.

26th February 1077 Coronation of Vikramaditya VI started Chalukya Vikrama Varsha Jalsangi Temple

1154 A.D Kalchuri Bijjala became the Mahapradhana to Taila III.

1155 A.D Bijjala Started carrying on the administration in the name of Taila III.

1157 A.D Kalachuri Bijjala assumed full imperial titles.

1162 A.D After the death of Baladeva, Basaveshwara was Minister to Bijjala. Allamaprabhu ascended sunya pitha in the anubhava mantapa

1167 A.D Bijjala abdicated the throne in favour of his son somideva or someshvara.

1181 A.D Somesvara IV the son of Chalukya Taila III became ruler after sweeping away the last remnants of Kalchuri power.

1188 A.D Yadava Bhillama seized Kalyana. The Kakatiyas also gained some territory of chalukyan empire as a result of the final dissolution of Chalukyan hegemony.

1270 A.D Yadava mahadeva was forced to surrender Bedadakota (Bidar) which was annexed to the Kakatiya Kingdom. Sinda Bhairava assisted Kakatiyas in the struggle

1318 A.D Badarkot (Bidar) and other places were ceded to Khusrau Khan

1320 A.D Kakatiya pratap rudra reoccupied Badarkot and other places.

1322 A.D Bidar Town which was on the frontier of Telingana and Baswakalyan forts were taken by Ulugh Khan(Muhammad-Bin-Tughluq) who was then a prince. Those town fort were left incharge of trust worthy officers with strong garrison.

1336 A.D The Vijaynagara empire founded.

1341 A.D Muhammad Bin Tughluq honoured Shihab-Ud-Din of Multan with the litle Nusrat Khan and conferred on him the Government of Bidar( One of the aqlims or provinces) with its dependencies on the condition that he should pay a revenue of one Crore of rupees annually into the kings treasury.

1345 A.D As Nusrat Khan could not fulfil the condition, he was expelled. Sadah Amirs (who were revenue collectors as well as military commanders under Mohd. Tughluq) rebelled. They elected one of their members Ismail Mukh as the sultan of Deccan. As he was aged, he readily abdicated his charge in favour of Hasan Gangu.

3rd August 1347 Zafar Khan (Hasan Gangu) was crowned and assumed the title of Ala-Ud-Din Hasan Bahman Shah at Daulatabad. He made Gulbarga his capital. Bidar was made a taraf/province under a governor. The Bidar town began to flourish as a provincial head quarters.

1358 A.D Azam-I-Humiyun of Bidar who defeated the Nayaka of warangal was appointed as the Governor of Golconda. 1364 A.D The Kingdom of warangal was finally destroyed by Ahmed shah

1378-1397 A.D Muhamad II established some schools for orphans at Bidar.

1396 The Durga Devi Xamam; a famine that lasted for 12 years and ruined the country between the Godavari and the Krishna.

1428 A.D On his return from Kherla, Ahmed stayed in Bidar for some time, where he was struck by its situation and climate that he decided to build a new city near its ancient fortress and called it Ahmadabad-Bidar.

1429 A.D Bidar became the new capital. Ahmed shah wali(1423-1436 A.D) laid the foundations of the Bidar fort. The construction was completed around 1432 A.D

1436-1458 A.D Ala-Ud-Din Ahmed-II . He built a large hospital at Bidar and staffed it with expert Muslim and Hindu physicians.

1453 Mohammed Gawan's arrival at Bidar.

1458-1461A.D Humayun was the sultan. He appointed mahmud Gawan as the Prime Minister, Commander-in-Chief and governor of Bijapur.

1461-1463 Nizamud-din-Ahmed II 1463-1482 Muhammad III Mahmud Gawan. Prime Minister, introduced many reforms, Great Madarsa of Mahmud Gawan was found by Gawan in 1472 A.D, Goa annexed to Bahmani Kingdom.

1471-1474 A.D Afanasy Nikitin a Russian Traveler was in the Deccan including Bidar.

5th April 1481 On the order of the monarch Muhammad III, mahmud Gawan was beheaded at Kondappalli Camp.

1523 A.D As Bahmani Sultan Alaud-din Shah was venturing to assert himself, he was dethrouned by Amir Barid.

1538 A.D The Bahamani dynasty faded out of history. Five smaller states emerged including Barid Shahi dynasty.

1543 A.D Ali Barid assumed royal appellation of Shah.

1619 A.D The Adil Shah of Bijapur took over Bidar.

1656 A.D The Mughal forces captured Bidar and Kalyani. Bidar was annexed to the Mughal empire.

1724 A.D Asaf Jahi Dynasty succeeded Mughal rule. Rule by governors.

1846 A.D Bidar was made the headquarter of a sadar talukdar (Commissioner)

1867 A.D "Bhalki conspiracy " was the echo of the great insurrection of 1857-58 in the region.

1891 A.D Govt. school at Bidar was made a High School.

1905 A.D Bidar was reduced to H.Q of Talluqdar(Collector)

29th August, 1911 The last member of Nizam dyansty Mir Osman Ali Khan, became the Nizam.

1922 Bidar Dist. Central co-operative Bank came into existence.

1st July 1932 The Railway line which passes through the Bidar district was opened for traffic.

17th Sept 1948 The Nizam announced on the radio about the surrender. The Nizam rule came to an end. Asafia Flag brought down. The Hyderabad state became a part of the Indian Union.

1952 Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, Abdul Kalam Azad and Ku. Padmaja Nadu visited Bidar.

1955 Akhil Bharat Veershaiva Mahasabha held its sammelan at Basavakalyan. Sri Jayachamraj wadeyer, the then Governor of Mysore State laid the foundation of New Anubhava Mantappa Building.

1956 Vist of Dr. Rajendra Prasad to Bidar. 1st Novermber

1956 Bidar district along with other districts of Hyderabad Karnataka became part of Mysore state but only with four talukas. Basavakalyan Taluka was brought into existence in 1965

21st March 1961 Bidar Shakar Sakkare Karkhana Ltd., a sugar factory was registered under the Karnataka co-operative societies act.

1961 B.V. Bhoomaraddi College, First Degree College started at Bidar.

26th Nov. 1969 B.S.S.K Ltd., at Hallikhed started its regular production.

1998 SHG movement started in a big way in Bidar District by DCC Bank Ltd., Bidar.

2002 Naranja Sugar Factory (Under Opt. Sector) started its regular production.

THE CHALUKYAS OF KALYANA

957 A.D Taila (Tailapa)II Manyakheta

1997 A.D Satyashraya Manyakheta

1008-1014 A.D Vikramaditya V Manyakheta

1014-1015 A.D Ayyana Manyakheta

1015-1044 A.D Jagadekamalla Jayasimha II Manyakheta

1044-1068 A.D Someshvara I (About 1048, Kalyana was made the metropolis of the kingdom in place of Manyakheta)

1068-1077 A.D Bhuvanaikamalla Someshvara II

1077-1127 A.D Vikramaditya VI

1127-1139A.D Someshvara III

1139-1149 A.D Jagadeka Malla II

1149-1162 A.D Taila III THE KALACHURIYAS

1162-1167/68 A.D Bijjala II

1167-1177 A.D Rayamurari-Sovideva

1177-1180 A.D Sankama II

1180-1183 A.D Rayanarayana Ahavamalla

1182/83-1200A.D Chalukya Someshvara IV

By about 1200A.D Chalukyan Power faded out

 

PLACES OF TOURIST INTEREST IN BIDAR DISTRICT.

HISTORICAL MONUMENTS IN BIDAR

BIDAR FORT-INNER FORT.

The Sharaza Darwaza

The Gumbad Darwaza

The Rangeen Mahal

The Royal Kitchens

The Royal Baths

The Tarakash Mahal

The Gagan Mahal (Hevenly Palace)

The Diwan-e-Am(Hall of Public Audience)

The Takhat Mahal (Throne Palace) Royal Pavilion

The Haraj Kothri

The Naubat Khana(Band Hall)

Sol Khamba Mosque Fortification and their cannons Old Fort, Pond etc.,

AROUND BIDAR

The Choubara

The Madrsa of Mahamud Gawan

The Habshikot Dara of Hazrat shal Abdul Faid

The humble grave of Mahammud Gawan

The Bahamani Toms at Ashtur

The Chaukandi

The Baridi Tombs

Other places of interest Bidar District.

Papnash Temple and Pond

Narsimha Zira

Gurunanak Zira

Gai Mukh

Mailar

Jalsangi

Karaja Dam

Dev Dev Vana

PLACES IN AND AROUND BASAVAKALYAN

Fort Museum

Basaveshwar Temple

Parusha Katte

Prabhudevara Gaddige

Tripurantaka Lake

Akkanagamma's Cave

Basaveshwara Mahamane

Vijnaneshvara cave

Caves of Sharanas Mathas and Dargahs

Manik Prabhu Samsthana at Maniknagar

(At Bidar, Kamthanna, Changler, Harkud, Chalkapur, Karknalli, Bhalki, Humnabad, Aurad and other places also there are temples. )

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