ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

 

 

DAIRY ACTIVITIES

 

1        INTRODUCTION

Animal Husbandry in general and dairy in particular plays a vital role in supplementing family income and generating additional gainful employment for the weaker section of the society, particularly for the small, marginal farmers and agriculture laborers. Dairy activity provides more self-employment opportunities to the socially and economically disadvantaged section of the society including rural women, unemployed youths, etc.

Dairy has tremendous potential in Bidar district.  Fodder is available throughout the year.  People have been rearing cattle for many years and everybody knows the basics of rearing cattle.  The climatogical conditions are also very good for raising cattle. Cross breed cows with local breed called ‘DEONI’ are not only hardy but yield of milk is also high.

 

2        CAPACITY

It is proposed to have group activity of 10 members per group with 20 cows. Each cow milking on an average 10 liters of milk, the capacity of the dairy shall be 200 litres of milk per day on 290 days of lactation and 75 days of dry days.

 

3        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The activities of dairy unit mainly consists of the following:

1)        Identifying location

2)        Construction of sheds

3)        Purchase of good variety cows

4)        Feeding the cows

5)        Maintaining the cows

6)        Milking

7)        Tie-up arrangements for sale of milk with KMF

8)        Sale of animal dung and cows

 

4        BACKWARD LINKAGES

For dairying activity, the raw materials required are green grass & dry fodder and feed concentrate. Green and dry fodder is available in the villages identified. Fodder is to be grown in own land or brought to the farm from outside. Feed concentrate is available in taluk headquarters and district headquarters. Good variety animals (cow) can be purchased from the neighboring taluks/districts/ States. ‘DEONI’ is a hardy and very famous breed of this area.

 

5        FORWARD LINKAGES

                   The district has a cattle population of 2.76 lakhs including 19,035 number of cross breed variety and 1.49 lakhs of buffaloes as per the Animal Husbandry department, Bidar. On an average one milking animal is available for every three persons and the total milk production out of these milking animals is 585 lakh liters approx. per year.

 

                   The milk produced in the District is supplied   to Gulbarga Dairy for processing and packing. The packed milk from Gulbarga Dairy is sold in Bidar district.  Recently the milk is packed in Bidar and the excess is sent to Gulbarga

 

POULTRY FARM

 

1        INTRODUCTION

The Poultry meat has become common food for most of the people in the present times. The poultry meat is considered as healthy and useful compare to red meat, which is having very high fat content. The usage of poultry meat especially broiler is increasing day by day. So the project has food potential.

2        CAPACITY

The broiler poultry farm is having the capacity; of 3000 birds per cycle for 6 cycles in a year works out to 18,000 birds.

3        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Rearing broiler poultry farm is a very well known process. The broiler birds are developed from a day old chick to about 8 week and then sold. The next batch continues in the alternate shed. Likewise 6 batches of broiler poultry are; raised every year. The poultry feed readily available can be fed to the birds. They are given medical assistance from time to time in order to safe guard health and prevent the mortality of the birds

 

4           BACKWARD LINKAGES

Hatcheries are located near Hyderabad, who can supply chicks to the Poultry farm. The poultry feed plants are being promoted under RSVY. The extension work is available from Animal Husbandry and also from University of Agricultural Science. The district has got good backward linkages.

5        FORWARD LINKAGES

Being surrounded by Andhra Pradesh & Maharashtra,  the market potential for poultry is very good.

The poultry population in Bidar District is 5.39 Lakhs including improved varieties as per the 1997 quiniquinal census. The per capita meat requirement as per world Health Organization (WHO) under Indian condition is 13.5 Kg. Meat per person per year. The Poultry unit can supply birds to hotels and restaurants and meat selling shops located in the district. The consumption of poultry meat is increasing and there is good demand for the poultry meat. It proposes good scope for the broiler poultry farm in order to make an effort to meat the requirement in this direction.

The hatcheries that supply chicks are also having facilities to buy back the poultry birds. So this opens an additional avenue for the sale of poultry birds.

In view of the market situation, demand for poultry needs and also market outlets clearly indicates that there is excellent demand for broiler poultry farm.

 

 SHEEP REARING

 

1                 Livestock is an important national resource in the developing countries. More than half of the rural population in our country is dependent on livestock fully or partly for their day-to-day sustenance.

 

Sheep has multifaceted utility for wool, meat, milk, skin and manure. It is an integral pert of rural economy particularly in the arid, semi arid and mountainous regions. Indian sheep rearers maintain flocks under grazing system. It provides a dependable source of income to the shepherd through sale of wool, manure and animals. Sheep requires less expensive building to house them and requires less labour compared to other kinds of livestock.

 

2                 CAPACITY

The capacity; of sheep rearing farm is 150 sheep with 10 rams as a foundation stock. The project envisages Deccani type of sheep rearing. SHG ‘ s of 10 persons can take up this activity.

3                 PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The sheep of 18 months old are purchased. They are housed in a shed and taken out for grazing on daily basis. The space required for a sheet is 8 sft.and  2  ½ sft. Er lamb. The sheep of age 18 months give birth to a lamb after 5 months and the second lamb will be born after 7 months (two lambs in one year). Subsequent lambing will be once in 9 months. The lambing of sheep is 75% and mortality of lambs is 10%. There will be morality of sheep at 5%, which is covered by insurance. The weight of sheep/lamb is as follows:

 

                             Age                                 Weight

                            9 – 12 months                          8 – 10 kgs.

                            1 year – 1 ½ year                   16 – 28 kgs.

                            1 ½ - 3 years & above              22 – 38 kgs.

 

          It is ideal to sell lambs at 9-10 months age. Sheep are to be sold before 6 years. Rams are to replace once in two years. All male lambs are generally sold and female lambs are kept for breeding to the extent required. The wool is sheared twice in a year during June and December. Shearing charges are generally Rs 3/-per sheep the yield of wool is in the range of 1 kg/year/sheep (for deccani breed). The wool is sold at Rs.18/- per kg. The manure yield is ½ ton of manure/animal/year at the rate of Rs.500/- per ton.

4      BACKWARD LINKAGES

       APMC yards in the district are good place for sheep market both for purchase and sale of sheep. The sheep rearing technical assistance, Veterinary College, University of Agricultural Science (UAS), Bidar, Animal Husbandry Department, Bidar extend extension services and training. The District has got good backward linkages.

 

5      FORWARD LINKAGES

There is considerable Muslim population in the surrounding areas (Hyderabad is just 120 Kms away), which provide a very good market for sheep products.

The sheep population in Bidar District is 0.69 lakhs including improved varieties as per the 1997 census. The per capita meat requirement as per World Health Organization (WHO) under Indian conditions is 13.5 kg. meat per person per year. The consumption of sheep meat is increasing and there is good demand for the sheep meat. APMC yard is the market place for selling and buying of sheep. The District has APMC market in all taluks.

 

OTHER IDENTIFIED ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES

 

AGARBATHI UNIT

(Group Activity)

It has a great potential for employing large number of women Self Help Groups.

 

          CAPACITY

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the Group can manufacture 3.00 lakh packets of agarbathis per annum (0.25 lakh packets per month).

 

1.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The production process is quite simple which is evident from the fact that large number of households is involved in manufacture of agarbathis in several places in Karnataka. The major raw materials used for manufacture of agarbathis are Bamboo sticks, White sandal, Charcoal and materials that are popularly known as raal and guggal.

First, white sandal and charcoal are grinded and later guggal is soaked in water to make it sticky. All the three materials are mixed to make a spice mixture. This material is rolled over the bamboo stick. The size of stick is usually between 8” to 12”. Generally, 1kg of mixture would suffice for 1300 sticks. The rolled sticks are dried. To make agarbathi fragrant, after drying the sticks, they are dipped into a fragrant solution or fragrant solution is sprinkled over these sticks.

These agarbathi sticks are wrapped in cellophane paper and then in polypropylene cover. Afterwards they are packed in paper or paperboard tubes. These tubes are sent to market.

During the initial period, the Group can take up job work of rolling of agarbathis. After gaining expertise, perfuming and direct marketing activity may be taken up. During the initial period, job work may be done for Karakushala kaigarika Sahakar Sangh Ltd., Back chowdi, Bidar, who has shown inclination in this regard.

2.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

The raw material required for the unit is need to be arranged through District supply and marketing Society (DSMS). However, during the field visits, Karakushala Kaigarika Sahakar Sangh Ltd., Backchowdi, Bidar, have shown interest in giving job orders by; supplying raw material and procuring finished goods from SHGs involved in making agarbathis. The Forest Department may be approached for supply of bamboo and agar.

In addition to the above, raw material and consumables can be procured in bulk from Hyderabad and Sholapur.

4         FORWARD LINKAGES

          Karnataka State Handicrafts Devpt. Corpn (KSHDC), Mysore Sale International Ltd(MSIL) and Central Cottage Industries Emporium procure agarbathis from different places. They may be approached for procuring agarbathis produced by SHGs promoted in the district. In addition to this, Khadi Bandars and private retail outlets in taluk Headquarters and District Headquarter are major marketing outlet for the agarbathis.

Hyderabad and Sholapur could form major market centre for agarbathis, if proper linkages are developed.

 

CLOTH/KNITTED CAPS

These are caps worn by every Muslim. The muslim population is quite substantial so a ready market is available.

 

1.      CAPACITY

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the Group can manufacture 31,500 dozens of Baby caps per annum (2,625 dozens pieces per month).

 

2.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The activities of baby cap manufacturing mainly consists of the following steps:

·             Procurement of cloth from the market

·             Marking the cloth

·             Cutting of the cloth as per the markings

·             Sewing of the cloth as per the cut cloth

·             Removing of cut threads from the baby caps

·             Ironing & packing

·             Dispatching to the market

 

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

The required raw materials (cloth) and consumables (thread, needles etc.) Are available in taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter. The cloth required for the group is mainly cut pieces, which are sold, on weight basis in bulk. The members of the group need to develop link with the local traders.

In addition to the above, raw material and consumables can be procured in bulk from Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

4   FORWARD LINKAGES

The group mainly requires marketing facilities. The group can sell the products in the weekly shandies in taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter. Thekhadi Bandar and other retail outlets of garments could be associated in selling the baby caps manufactures by the group.

Hyderabad and Sholapur could form major source centers for baby caps, if proper linkages are developed.

 

READYMADE GARMENTS

1.      CAPACITY

The group can manufacture all type of popular garments. However, in the initial period the group can undertake manufacturing of ladies under garments such as petticoats, langas etc. After acquiring adequate expertise in manufacturing and marketing of the products, unit can undertake manufacture of salwar suits, school uniforms and other value-added products.

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the group can manufacture 10,080 pieces of garments per annum (840 pieces per month).

2.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The activities of readymade garment mainly consists of the following steps:

·             Procurement of cloth from the market

·             Marking the cloth depending on the design pattern of the garment

·             Cutting of the cloth as per the markings

·             Sewing of the cloth as per the cut cloth

·             Removing of cut threads from the garment

·             Ironing of the garment and packing

·             Dispatching the garment to the market

 

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

For readymade garment group; the required raw materials (cloth) and consumables (thread, needles etc.) are available in Taluk Headquqarters and district Headquarter. The cloth required for the group can be procured from Priyadharshini showroom, khadi Bandar and other authorised showrooms. The members of the group need to develop link with them. The Karnataka State Power loom Development Corporation can also supply the cloth required for the Garment unit.

In addition to the above, raw material and consumables can be procured in bulk from Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

4.      FORWARD LINKAGES

Hyderabad and Solapur are ready market for these products. The group mainly requires marketing facilities. The group can sell the products in the weekly shandies in taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter. The group can procure order from Social Welfare Department to supply school uniforms. The khadi Bandar and other retail outlets of garments could be associated in selling the garments by the unit

Hyderabad and Sholapur could form major souring center if proper linkages are developed.

 

PAPADS AND PICKLES UNIT.

Aloo papad and mango pickle have good potential. Mango is available in abundant quantity in this area.

1.      CAPACITY.

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the group can manufacture about 6,300kgs of Urad papads, 4,200 kgs of Moong papad and 24,000kgs of pickles per annum or 525 kgs of Urad papads, 350 kgs of moong papad and 2000 kgs of pickles per month.

2.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION.

The various ingredients required for papad making are cleaned and power is prepared. After weighing the required quantity of the ingredients are mixed and kneaded in the machine. The flour-kneading machine of 10-kg capacity takes 5 minutes per batch. Thus, 100 kgs of flour can be kneaded in an hour. 5kgs dough prepared by the above method is put into the hopper of roll making machine. This machine makes 40 kgs of rolls per hour. The SCISSORS cuts the roll continuously after every 12 inches on Luva cutting machine. This machine can make 50kgs of loi in an hour. The edible oil covers the cut lots. The loi is pressed in the loi-pressing machine about 3600 Lois can be pressed in an hour. In the papad making machine, pressed loi is kept and papads are manufactured. In this machine, about 40-50 papads can be made or 2400 papads are can be made in an hour.

The pickles can be manufactured using different types of fruits. Usually, lemon and mango pickles are famous in the market. The fruit selected is washed and cut into small sizes. These cut pieces are mixed with required quantity of salt, spice power and automatic and kept in this condition for two to three days. It is heated with sugar and other spices. After coiling pickle is packed in bottles or poly bags and sent to the market.

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

In Bidar district a different types of fruits such as lemon and mangoes are cultivated which are suitable for pickle preparation. In addition to this, pulses are also grown in the district. The required raw material can be procured from local sources.

4. FORWARD LINKAGES

Papads and pickles are compulsorily are served with food at hotels, restaurants, parties.  In most of the families, it is consumed daily.  The papads and pickles are sold in most of the grocery retail shops in small towns and urban areas.  In addition to this, Khadi Bhandar also sells pickles and papads.  A suitable tie up has to be made with these outlets to market the products.

The existing transport facilities are adequate for the purpose of transporting papads and pickles manufactured by these groups.


 

BAKERY PRODUCTS

1.      CAPACITY

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the group can manufacture 1,50,000kgs of bread per annum or 12,500 kgs per month. During the initial period, the group can manufacture different types of bread. After getting adequate exposure in the industry, other bakery items can be manufactured.

 

2.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The process of manufacturing of bread is fairly simple, which could be acquired within short period of time. The necessary ingredients in the required proportion is put in dough mixture and kneaded. This mixture is left as it is for two hours, after which it is turned upside down and kept again for 40-50 minutes. This material is transferred to the bread mould. This mould is taken to the baking oven and kept for 40 minutes at 420 F. Baked breads are sliced after cooling, then packed in polybags and set to markets.

 

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

The group can procure raw material required from APMC and the wholesale market or retail shops.

 

4.     FORWARD LINKAGES

In taluk Headquarters and district Headquarters there are several bakery shops and hotels. They procure bread from bakery units. The bakery Groups can sell bread to bakery shop[s and hotels. In addition to this, hospitals and hostels also require bread. For this purpose, proper link up is need to be developed to market bakery product.

In addition to the above, Hyderabad and Sholapur could form major sourcing centre for bread, if proper linkages are developed.

The existing transport facilities are adequate for the purpose of transporting bread manufactured by these groups.


 

STEEL FABRICATION UNIT

1.      CAPACITY

The group can take up manufacture of various types of steel furniture. The optimum capacity from second year onwards is estimated for manufacture of about 150 steel almirahs, 200 office tables, 750 office chairs, 150 racks and other products per annum.

 

2.      PROJECT DESCRILPTION

The manufacturing process of steel furniture involves simple and proven method. It depends on the standards of manufactured products. While making an almirah BP/SRCA sheets are cut, bent to the required shapes and ends are welded together. Then, handles and hinges are fitted into it and it is painted to the required color. Similarly while making chairs pipes are welded after bending them as per the size and design. The painting of the chair is done afterwards. The required type of seat and backrest is fitting to the chair. Many other products are manufactured in the similar fashion.

 

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

The raw materials and bought out items required for the group can be procured in bulk from wholesale dealers in Bidar/Hyderabad/Sholapur. A proper tie-up is needed   with the supplier of raw materials and bought out items.

 

JAGGERY MAKING

 

1.        CAPACITY

 

The jaggery-making group can manufacture about 162 MT of jaggery per annum at the optimum capacity from second year onwards. The jaggery making unit is a seasonal industry, usually production activity ;is done in about six months in a year. They may work for 8-12 hrs. per day during the production season.

The group may undertake own production or job works from others.

 

2.        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The process of jaggery manufacturing consists of the following operations :

·             Crushing of sugarcane to obtain juice. The crusher can crush about one ton sugarcane per hour

·             The juice is boiled over a Chula in a pan (kopparike). The boiling time per batch will be two hours. While boiling other ingredients are added to prepare jaggery.

·             The finished jaggery is moulded to the required shape(bucket). The moulded and cooled jaggery will be packed for dispatch and sale.

The yield of jaggery will be about 120-140 kgs per 1000 kgs of sugarcane crush.

3.        BACKWARD LINKAGES

Plenty of sugarcane is grown in Bidar district, which can be used to manufacture jaggery. The group can either use sugarcane grown in their land or undertake job work for others.

4         FORWARD LINKAGES

The jogger produced by the group can be easily marketed within the district. Usually, jagggery is marketed in APMC in an auction directly to the traders. The group will also not face any problem in getting sugarcane on job orders to convert to jaggery.

The existing transport facilities are adequate for the purpose of transporting the products manufactured by these groups.

 

KHOVA MAKING

Khova is local staple diet of public.  It has a big potential as a household industry since the basic ingrediant “milk” is available in good quantity.

 

CAPACITY

The individual khova-making machine can process 10 ltrs. of milk per batch and produce 2.5 kgs of khova. The time required for one cycle  is 35 minutes. This, one machine can process 125 ltrs. oF milk daily  or 37500 ltrs. Of milk annually. The group requires 1250 ltrs. of milk per day or 3.75 lakhs ltrs. Of milk annually.

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the group can manufacture 937500 kgs of khova per annum or 78125kgs per month.


 

2.    PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The khova manufacturing process involves procurement of milk and testing of fat content for making payment. After procuring the milk, it is filtered and required quantity of milk is put into khova making machine. After completion of process cycle time of 35 minutes, khova is taken out from the machine. Before commencement of next batch machine is cleaned and restarted.

3.BACKWARD LINKAGES

Milk is the major ingredient for khova making Group. There are several dairy (milching animal) units in the district.  The milk produced from these units form major source of raw material for khova making group.

 

4.FORWARD LINKAGES

In taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter there are several sweet shops and hotels. They procure sweets from sweet making units, who in turn require khova to manufacture milk based sweets. The khova making Groups can sell khova to sweet making units. For this purpose, proper link up is need to be developed.

In addition to the above, sweet making units in Hyderabad and Sholapur could form major source centre for khova, if proper linkages are developed

       The existing transport facilities are adequate for the purpose of transporting khova manufactured by these groups.

 

CATTLE AND POULTRY FEED

Bidar has a great potential for being a dairy district. Government of Karnataka is paying a lot of attention towards this. Lot of push is also given through this scheme of RSVY. As cattle population increases the demand for cattle feed will also increase. So these cattle feed  units have a good potential of having been successful. Few of them are already running successfully in the district.

1.  CAPACITY

At optimum capacity from second year onwards, the member units can manufacture 1000 tons of cattle feed and 500 tons of poultry feed per annum per member. The total production capacity of the group is 70000 tons of cattle feed and 5000 tons of poultry feed per annum at optimum capacity from second year onwards.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

 

The production of cattle/poultry feed is quite easy. First, the raw material procured is cleaned and grinded in the pulverize in the pre decided mesh and shape. The ingredients are weighed according to the proportion and mixed. The slicing sheera vitamin mix, mineral salts are added. They are packed and marketed.

The cattle/poultry feed is produced according to ISI formula. However, SHGs can seek advice of Veterinary Dept., depending on the demands of a particular place/area. Accordingly, new formula can be devised.

 

BACKWARD LINKAGES

The raw material required for the group can be procured from APMC yard and local market. The Dept. of Animal Husbandry can help the SHGs to procure vitamin mix, alfalfa meal and other minerals from different sources.

In addition to the above, raw material can be procured in bulk from Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

FORWARD LINKAGES

In Bidar district, dairying is one of the major economic activities in rural areas. There are several poultry farms in the district especially in Humnabad taluk. The cattle and poultry feed is required by these units. Hence, the group can develop a line up with these dairy and poultry units for selling the feed.

 

COMPUTER SERVICES

Its an era of computerization. There are lot of computer literates who are jobless. Further in almost every office there are computers. Lot of data entry operators are needed. Further these computer literate can

so start there own data entry centers.

 

1.CAPACITY

On an average, about 40 pages of output could be taken out per day. It is estimated that the unit could take out annually 12000 pages of output from second year onwards.

 

2.        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The computer operator who will be the promoter of the unit has to know the computer operations using packages such as window based MS office, Excel and Access. The knowledge of DTP operation is an added advantage to the promoter of the unit.

This unit can undertake data entry job/DTP work on job work basis. The output can be given as hard copies or soft copies.

3.        BACKWARD LINKAGES

The computer stationery, cartridge, floppy disks etc., could be obtained from Bidar, Hyderabad or Sholapur. Other requirements could be procured locally.

4    FORWARD LINKAGES

In taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter there are several colleges, the unit could take up small business establishments, Government Office etc., the data entry; work of students as well as others. The DTP work could be taken up for the offset printers in the above-mentioned locations. For this purpose, proper link up is need to be developed.

 

DISTILLED WATER

 

Distilled water is needed in all vehicles. Educated/uneducated unemployed youth find it very prospective business.  The local Government Polytechnic College can be very good institution to impart this training.  The building structure is sufficient but some material infrastructure need to be provided for training the youth. We planned to strengthen the local polytechnic to impart this training.

 

1.  CAPACITY

The unit can manufacture 800 liters .per day at its optimum capacity. Thus, the unit can manufacture 240000 liters .of distilled water per year from second year onwards.

 

2.        PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The equipment required to manufacture battery grade distilled water is demineralizer. The hardness of the water is removed by ion exchange method. The water is first flown into Cation resin and then to Anion resin. This process acquires distilled water.

 

3.        BACKWARD LINKAGES

Most of the consumable could be procured from Bidar, Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

4.  FORWARD LINKAGES

The taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter have large numbner of automobiles. In these places, there are several goods transport companies owning large number of lorries. Individuals also own two and four wheelers. The unit can service the requirement of distilled water of the above category of automobiles in the district.

The Government departments and organizations own several vehicles, which require distilled water. A suitable tie-up could be made to procure distilled water from the units promoted under SGSY.

 

The Hyderabad-Pune National Highway(NH-9)passes through the district. The unit located on the side of NH-9 could service the requirement of automobiles moving on this road.

 

BATTERY RECHARGING 

Battery recharging is needed to all the vehicals.Educated/uneducated unemployed youth find it very prospective business.  The local Government Polytechnic College can be very good institution to impart this training.  The building structure is sufficient but some material infrastructure need to be provided for training the youth. We planned to strengthen the local polytechnic to impart this training.

 

CAPACITY

1.       The unit undertakes two types of job works such as recharging of batteries and complete charging of batteries. The unit can service job of recharging the batteries of 6000 Nos. per annum and complete charging of batteries 3000 Nos. per annum.

 

2.       PROJECT DESCRIPTION

The unit undertakes recharging of batteries and complete charging and repairing    of batteries. The process is as follows:

·          At the time of recharging the battery, the level of distilled water and mineral level in the battery is examined and filled as per the desired quantity. Thereafter, battery is kept on battery charger and it is charged upto a desired level.

·          At the time of complete charging and repairing of the battery, also damaged cells are removed and new battery plates and separators are fixed. Fresh distilled water and acid is filled to the desired quantity. Thereafter, battery is kept on the battery charger and it is charged up to a desired level.

 

3.       BACKWARD LINKAGES

Most of raw materials and spares could be procured from Bidar, Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

4. FORWARD LINKAGES

The taluk Headquarters and district headquarter have large number of automobiles. In these places, there are several goods transport companies owning large number of lorries. Individuals also own four wheelers. The unit can service the need of recharging and repairing of storage batteries of the above category of automobiles in the district.

 

The HyderabadPune National Highway (NH-9) passes through the district. The unit located on the side of NH-9 could service the requirement of automobiles moving on this road.

 

In addition to the above, all Government departments and organizations have jeeps, cars and lorries. A suitable tie-up could be made to recharge/repair of batteries from the units promoted under SGSY.

ELECTRICAL REPAIRS.

Electrical repairs is needed for all the households. Educated/uneducated unemployed youth find it very prospective business.  The local Government Polytechnic College can be very good institution to impart this training.  The building structure is sufficient but some material infrastructure need to be provided for training the youth. We planned to strengthen the local polytechnic to impart this training.

 

1.   CAPACITY

The unit can undertake repairing and servicing of about 600 colour TV sets and 400 B & W TV sets per annum.

 

2.        PROJECT DESCRIPTION.

The repairing of TV sets is carried out mainly in the unit. In addition to this, other electrical home appliances could also be undertaken for repairs and servicing.

 

3.        BACKWARD LINKAGES.

Most of spares could be procured from Bidar, Hyderabad and Sholapur.

 

4. FORWARD LINKAGES.

Most of the middle class and above families living in taluk Headquarters and district Headquarter have TV sets and electrical home appliances. In rural areas also, many people own TV sets and domestic electrical appliances.


 

WOODEN FURNITURE

Local SGSY center is quite well equipped to impart this training. Training can be given in batches at this center and later on the trainees can be helped through subsidy-loan related schemes under RSVY.

1.      CAPACITY

It is estimated that the unit can manufacture 60 sofas, 30 dining table sets, 60 double bed, 30 dressing table annually from second year onwards.

 

2.      PROJECT DESCRIPTION

After procuring wood of required dimension, planning of surface is done. As per the design marking is done on wood for cutting and other intricate works. After getting the correct design wood pieces are fitted to get required furniture. The semi-finished furniture undergoes finishing, polishing and ready for sale.

 

3.      BACKWARD LINKAGES

The requirement of wood could be through Forest Department. Bidar/Belgaum. The unit can also procure wood from Lathur in Maharashtra.

 

4        FORWARD LINKAGES

The demand for wooden furniture of good design and workmanship is increasing in urban areas. This furniture could be sold to households in the urban areas.

The unit can also sell doors and windows in semi-urban and urban areas where construction activity is increasing continuously. The unit; can also meet the demand of school furniture in the district.


 

TRAINING

General Training: -

The beneficiaries of various trades require a minimum training in the respective activities, which the beneficiary chooses.  Some times various individuals may also require retraining, multitraining, skill up gradation etc. To attain the desired level, the training may also requires to be imparted by the specialized institution.  The selection of candidates and training will be imparted only to those who are interested in that.  Hence the trainings are mostly based on the demands.  The various types of trainings imparted to the beneficiaries are short- term and long-term courses. The institutes specialized along with the infrastructure and the manpower of the line departments will be utilized for this purpose.  To attain this objective an amount of Rs.52.00lakhs is kept apart to train the groups, individuals, skill up gradation of individuals, multi-training and retraining after the discussions and direction of Principal Advisor Mrs. Menakshi Anand Chowdary, Planning Commission.  The amount is inclusive of the cost of raw materials and honororium to be paid to the resource personnel.

 

1)                Animal husbandry Sector:

 

The beneficiaries of Animal husbandry requires training in Dairy management, poultry management, Sheep raring, feeding, health care, disease control, economies of the project, storage, transportation etc.  The extensive training will be arranged by the department of AH &VS, Veterinary college and KMF. The total requirements of fund are of the order of rupees 2000/- per group, which is inclusive of literature and honorarium to resource personnel drawn from various institutes.

 

2)                Group Activities:

Many activities are identified under group activities, which require minimum training in DITC, or at any taluk training institute. The resource persons can be chosen from any institute of repute or from the line departments. The training will be arranged separately for the groups. The expenses per training will be Rs 5000/- it is inclusive of raw materials, literature etc.

The other activities such as readymade garments, fabrication unit, carpentry, cattle and poultry feed unit etc, require the long term institutional training, wherein the groups mentioned will under go training.  An average amount of Rs 10,000 per group is required for the training.

 

3)                Training for individual activities

 

          All specialised activities reserved for individuals require training. Hence, individuals require training at district/taluk head quarters require an average amount of Rs 5000/- per beneficiary.  The said amount is inclusive of stipend and honorarium to resource personnel.

 

4).       AI Training for Rural Unemployed Youths (Barefoot AI workers)

          The district has good livestock population with descript cattle breed of national and international acclaimed breed “Deoni”.  This breed is famous for the dual purpose of milk and draught.  Along with this the district has local varieties of cattle and buffaloes.  Cross breed cows in the district as per 1997 livestock census is 19,036 and on an average cross breed cows born out of AI done by department are 3,200 per annum. Milk production of the district is 11,562 Kgs/day, but still there is scope to boost up the milk yield in the district. It is heartening to note that most of the milk need of Gulbarga and Bidar districts are met by Bidar district only.  The average daily supply of milk to Gulbarga is  11562 Kgs/day, whereas Gulbarga district production is 6400 Kgs/day only.

Improvement of the milk production in the rural areas of the district primarily depends upon identification of animals in heat and artificially inseminating them.  For carrying out this activity there is, need to involve the rural   youth who could be trained at the Farmers Training Center Bidar.  This not only gives additional employment to rural youth but also improves milk production in the district.

Therefore, it is proposed to make a provision of Rs. 3.00 Lakhs (Rupees Three Lakhs Only) for training about 150 rural unemployed youths over a period of 3 years.

 

       5).        Marketing-cum-training-cum-exhibition center: -

                       The SHG’s who produces various products require the place to exhibit their production and this place should be in the reach of the public.  Hence there is a need for the construction of marketing-cum-training-cum-exhibition centers at the taluk headquarters. In these halls and the open place surrounding the halls, the Melas will be organized at the regular intervals.  For this purpose an amount of Rs.50.00lakhs is set apart for the construction of marketing-cum-exhibition-cum-training centers. Specialized personnel who will be invited by groups themselves or Government will simultaneously use these halls for imparting training to various self-help groups.  So these centers will serve a multipurpose and multidimensional role, which are extremely essential at the tatluk headquarters.

        6).  Providing tools to ITI’s/Polytechniques: -

              The ITI’s/Polytechniques will be extensively involved in the training, multitraining and skill up gradation of the individuals as well as groups.  These institutions have the required building infrastructure.  Hence an amount of Rs.10.00lakhs is proposed for the supply of machineries like lathe, welding machine, meters, etc., etc., etc..  During the discussion with the principal and the staff of the polytechnique, they agreed to impart these crucial trainings.  After the college hours, the staff members of the college shall be utilised as resource persons to impart training to the beneficiaries.  For which they will be paid the honorarium.

       7).  Employment Exchanges: -

               The Employment exchanges has to be given a new role.  The personnel of the employment exchange need to be oriented towards catering to private sector also.  The infrastructure in the employment exchange needs to be improved.  For this exercise of identification of unemployed who can cater to the private sector also needs an essential regular surveys which require the funds. The total cost for infrastructure development and survey is kept at Rs.10.00 lakhs.

      8). Information Technology ‘HUB’- Rural connectivity: -

                  There is a need to provide various data like rainfall, soil testing report, pahanis etc., at the village level.  This information should be available in the village itself at a particular point.  One organization has successfully done it in Mandya district.  We would like to replicate that model by participating with him in the form of capital investment to the tune of Rs.40.00lakhs.  He would create Kiosks at village level to be run by the private individuals.  These Kiosks will be connected to the main from through Internet. This hub will have all the information available with them, which shall be given to the farmers at the minimum predetermined cost.  This way the village level Kiosks will be self-sustainable in the long run.

 

REVOLVING FUND

 

The Revolving fund provided to the groups/individuals is repayable in 60 equal monthly installments by the users of the fund. This fund will be operated through the banks that will collect the EMI’s along with the loan/interest repayment by the groups/individuals. The revolving fund repayments will be added and used to assist the additional groups/individuals by way of providing subsidy and revolving fund. This process will continue until the last rupee is utilised.  This additional assistance is over and above the allocated funds under RSVY.        

           


Scheme wise details of various poverty alleviation activities under RSVY – Bidar.

                                  

Zilla Panchayat Bidar                                                                                                                                                          (Rs.In Lakhs)

Sl

No.

Name of the activities

No.of Units

Av unit cost

Total cost

Subsidy per unit

Total subsidy

 Bank loan

 

Revolving fund

Training

 

Unit Cost

Amount

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

1.

All Group Activities

 

650

2.50

1625.00

Max @1.25 or 50% which ever is less

726.35

Av 1.35loan per unit

Max @ 0.250 lakhs per group

0.023

 

17.10 lakhs

2

All Group Activities

345

1.00

345.00

Max @ 1.00 or 25% which ever is less

34.50

Av @ 0.90 loans per unit

Max @ 0.07 lakhs per individual

0.053

18.25

3

Cost of Raw material and other Expenses

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

Depending on the trade

16.65

4

Training to rural youth for Artificial insemination

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.00

Total

 

 

 

 

760.85

 

182.15

 

55.00

5

Construction of marketing cum Exhibition cum training centers

5

10.00

50.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6

Empowering employment exchange

1

10.00

10.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

7

Tools for ITI’s/Polytechniques

 

 

10.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8

Creation of infrastructure for IT Hub

1

40.00

40.00

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9

Demonstration Farm for cattle farming

1

5.00

5.00